• Science knowledge about solar pv power generation Science knowledge about solar pv power generation Oct 10, 2023
    1. What is photovoltaic power generation? Photovoltaic power generation refers to a power generation method that uses solar radiation to directly convert into electrical energy. Photovoltaic power generation is the mainstream of solar power generation today. Therefore, what people often call solar power generation now is photovoltaic power generation.   2. Do you know the historical origin of photovoltaic power generation? In 1839, 19-year-old Becquerel of France discovered the "photovoltaic effect" while doing physical experiments when he discovered that the current would increase when two metal electrodes in a conductive liquid were irradiated with light. In 1930, Lange first proposed using the "photovoltaic effect" to manufacture solar cells to turn solar energy into electrical energy. In 1932 Odubot and Stola made the first "cadmium sulfide" solar cell. In 1941 Audu discovered the photovoltaic effect on silicon. In May 1954, Chapin, Fuller and Pierson of Bell Labs in the United States launched a monocrystalline silicon solar cell with an efficiency of 6%. This was the first solar cell with practical value in the world. In the same year, Wick first discovered the photovoltaic effect of nickel arsenide, and deposited a nickel sulfide film on glass to create a solar cell. Practical photovoltaic power generation technology that converts sunlight into electrical energy was born and developed.   3. How do photovoltaic solar cell generate electricity? Photovoltaic solar cell is a semiconductor device with light and electricity conversion characteristics. It directly converts solar radiation energy into direct current. It is the most basic unit of photovoltaic power generation. The unique electrical characteristics of photovoltaic cells are achieved by incorporating certain elements into crystalline silicon. Elements (such as phosphorus or boron, etc.), thereby causing a permanent imbalance in the molecular charge of the material, forming a semiconductor material with special electrical properties. Free charges can be generated in semiconductors with special electrical properties under sunlight. These free charges Directional movement and accumulation, thus generating electrical energy when its two ends are closed, this phenomenon is called the "photovoltaic effect"   4. What components does a photovoltaic power generation system consist of? The photovoltaic power generation system consists of a solar panel array, a controller, a battery pack, a DC/AC inverter, etc. The core component of the photovoltaic power generation system is solar panel, It is composed of photovoltaic solar cells connected in series, parallel and packaged. It converts the sun's light energy directly into electrical energy. The electricity generated by solar panel is direct current. We can use it or use an inverter to convert it into alternating current for use. From one perspective, the electric energy generated by the photovoltaic solar system can be used immediately, or the electric energy can be stored using energy storage devices such as batteries and released for use at any time as needed.

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